Sexual exploitation and abuse

Availability of data

An electronic system for tracking allegations of misconduct was put in place in 2008, with certain data entered back to 2007. Prior to 2007, information was stored in physical files.

2007 2010 2015

On this website, information on the number of allegations, allegations by category of personnel and by mission is available from 2007 onwards. From 2008 onwards, information is also available on the age of the victim.

From 2010 onwards, more comprehensive information is available as a result of a reconciliation of data between the Department of Field Support (DFS) and Office of Internal Oversight Services (OIOS) conducted in 2013. This includes the type of allegation, date of incident, number of alleged perpetrators and victims, status of paternity claims, status of investigations, and information on action taken in response to substantiated allegations.

The Department of Management Strategy, Policy and Compliance intends to make similar information available for the records prior to 2010, once a detailed review of physical files has been concluded.

Information on the nationality of uniformed personnel implicated in allegations of sexual exploitation and abuse is provided from 2015 onwards, as outlined by the Secretary-General in his report on Special measures for protection from sexual exploitation and sexual abuse (A/69/779). From 2015 onwards, information is also available on interim actions, the duration of investigations, details of action taken by Member States, and on referrals for criminal accountability.

Counting allegations

As per OIOS, matters of sexual exploitation and abuse are counted by reports received. A report of sexual exploitation and abuse may relate to one or more alleged perpetrators, and may involve one or more victims. When a report is received, a process of ensuring accountability starts. If a report received refers to alleged perpetrators of more than one category of personnel (for example, civilian and military), or personnel from more than one troop-contributing country, the report would be counted individually for each separate track of accountability: one for civilian personnel, and one for each troop-contributing country whose personnel may be involved.

Viewing the data

There are five ways of looking at the data: by allegations received, by alleged perpetrators, by victims, by investigations, and by action taken. Filters can be applied to view the data for a specific year, mission, category of personnel, or nationality of uniformed personnel (from 2015 onwards). On the right side of the page, information will be provided on relevant terms used in the graphs and on how to read the data. 

Allegations Alleged perpetrators Victims Investigations Actions

The Allegations section contains information on the number of allegations over time, and looks at the data by type of allegation and by date of incident. This section also contains a graph showing the number of communications sent to and responses received from Member States in relation to matters of sexual exploitation and abuse.

The Alleged perpetrators section looks at the data by category of implicated personnel and by nationality of alleged perpetrators for uniformed personnel from 2015 onwards. This section also contains information on the identified number of subjects.

The Victims section provides information on whether allegations reported involve victims who are children (under the age of 18) and on the identified number of victims. The section also looks at the number of allegations involving child victims by the nationality of the subjects and whether allegations also involve paternity claims.

The Investigations section looks at the status of investigation by year, by investigating entity, and by mission.

The Actions section provides information on the actions taken by national governments and the United Nations in relation to substantiated allegations. A filter can be applied to view the data either by number of allegations (i.e. number of cases in which specific actions have been taken) or number of individuals (i.e. number of individuals who have received a specific sanction).